Douglas Davis and Beth Easterling, Co-Directors

Criminal Justice provides students with a thorough knowledge of crime, criminal behavior, the police and courts, law and society, and theories of crime through offerings within the disciplines of Business, Anthropology, Sociology and other disciplines related to this field of study. The major also contains a strong applied component which offers students the opportunity to learn about the criminal justice system by taking courses such as police procedure, crime scene investigation, forensics, corrections and judicial procedures. In addition, students will be offered internships in which they will work with crime agencies and police departments.

Mission Statement

The mission of the Criminal Justice program at Mary Baldwin University is to provide students with the ability to use critical thinking skills about issues related to criminal justice systems in the United States and throughout the world. The program provides students with a strong background in the Liberal Arts by focusing on the social, cultural and political dimensions of criminal justice systems. Students examine how social influences continually change the practice of criminal justice through applied coursework and practical experience.

The major fosters writing, verbal communication skills, information literacy, and the application of theoretical knowledge relative to the field. The program further prepares students to conduct scholarly research into the nature and sources of crime, as well as the criminal justice system.

Requirements for the Major in Criminal Justice

48 to 51 semester hours
CJ 100
CJ 211
SOC 232
CJ 233
CJ 234
ANTH 120 or ANTH 227
Three of the following (to total 9 hours): CJ 215, CJ 220, CJ 225, CJ 230, CJ 235, CJ 255, CJ 260, CJ 265 or BUAD 208
Senior Requirement (to total 12–15 hours): INT 222, CJ 300, SOC 320 or POLS/ECON 301, CJ 387 (not required for those employed in the field), and CJ 400 or 401
Electives (to total 9 hours): Select one course from each of the following three categories
• Category One: Ethics: PHIL 102 or PHIL 235
• Category Two: Public Policy and Administration: BUAD 200, POLS 200, POLS 322, CJ 210, or ECON 215
• Category Three: Social System: BUAD 202, PSYC 203, PSYC 248, SGS 261, SOC 112, SOC 200, SOC 248, or CHEM 101

Completion of the Criminal Justice Major Field Test is required during fall of the senior year.

Requirements for the Minor in Criminal Justice

21 semester hours
CJ 100
CJ 211
SOC 232
CJ 233
ANTH 120 or ANTH 227

Two of the following: CJ 215, CJ 220, CJ 225, CJ 230, CJ 235, CJ 255, CJ 260, CJ 265 or BUAD 208

Criminal Justice Course Descriptions

100 Introduction to Criminal Justice (3 s.h.)
This course provides a general overview of the social creation of crime and of social responses to crime. Students analyze the social circumstances that produce crime in diverse societies and cultures. They also study a variety of legal and law enforcement systems that define and control crime. This course focuses on the perspectives of all those involved in the production of crime and on the critical analysis of those perspectives.

210 Prisons and Punishment (3 s.h.)
Major philosophies of punishment and related history of prisons. Develops understanding of justification for punishment and how American prison systems do and do not reflect these justifications.

211 Criminology (3 s.h.)
This course introduces students to social scientific theory explaining crime and criminal behavior, with an emphasis on sociological theory. This is an introductory-level class focusing on the basic principles of criminology from a sociological perspective. Course topics include basic concepts, different methods of measuring crime, diverse theories of criminology, and a focus on the social origins of crime and criminal behavior. Criminology has captured the attention of political scientists, biologists, anthropologists, psychologists, and sociologists. Legislators, politicians, mass media, law enforcement, the courts, and the corrections system all have a profound impact on the nature of crime. Indeed, crime is an integral part of the fabric of American life.

215 Criminal Investigations (3 s.h.)
This course covers the fundamentals of criminal investigation including the gathering of investigative information from victims and witnesses, the search and recording of crime scenes, and the principles involved in collecting and preserving physical evidence. There is a strong emphasis on investigative policies, procedures, and practices that are necessary and essential to secure the truth within today’s legal climate.

220 Police Administration (3 s.h.)
This course teaches the principles of organization and administration of public safety agencies; studies the management of line operations, staff and auxiliary services, investigative and juvenile units; introduces concepts of data processing; examines policies, procedures, rules, and regulations pertaining to crime prevention.

 225 Police Response to Disasters (3 s.h.)
This course will explore the development of public safety response to major incidents following the National Response Framework (NRF), the Incident Command System (ICS), and the National Incident Management System (NIMS). Students will learn how to manage public safety resources in school shootings, major accidents including trains and planes, pandemics, terrorist attacks, and natural disasters including hurricanes, earthquakes, and fires. Students will conduct classroom exercises using real life or fictional events to manage major incidents and catastrophes. They will learn to critically analyze policy as well as specific events for effectiveness in achieving practical, social and ethical goals. Students will learn how to develop more useful procedures through analysis both failure and success for “lessons learned.” This course counts as an “applied,” professional — training course for the major. Students are encouraged to take CJ 100 prior to taking this course.

230 Crime Scene Investigations (3 s.h.)
This course will explore all aspects of crime scene investigation. The role of the Crime Scene Investigator (CSI) is paramount to the successful preparation and prosecution of a case for criminal trial. Students learn how to identify, collect, and preserve evidence at a crime or vehicle collision scene. Using a simulated crime or collision scene, students will conduct a search for evidence, photograph, and sketch the crime scene. Through the simulation, students will prepare a report and draw conclusions based on the evidence collected. Reconstruction of the scene is an important part of the role of the CSI and is used in determining final conclusions. This course counts as an “applied,” professional — training course for the major. Students are encouraged to take CJ 100 and CJ 215 prior to this course.

233 Comparative Criminal Justice (3 s.h.)
This course features a detailed consideration of the criminal justice system of selected nations, in historical and cultural context. The essential features and functions of police, courts, lawyers, jails, bail, and prisons are compared for their effectiveness, as well as for their role in assigning the label of “juvenile delinquent” or “criminal.” The course includes theories of criminal behavior and reactions to that behavior.

234 Juvenile Delinquency (3 s.h.) (S)
This course examines how society treats young people who break the law, the social causes of juvenile delinquency, and rates of juvenile delinquency. Students will explore criminological and sociological theories relating to juvenile delinquency and apply course concepts to current events and media reports.

235 Law Enforcement and the Community (3 s.h.)
This course on Community Policing focuses on problem solving and the strategies and skills necessary to build community/police partnerships. The student examines traditional policing techniques and lessons learned through trial and error. The student explores new and innovative programs aiding a police department’s shift to Community Policing. The student addresses the pitfalls encountered, and the citizens’ concerns and criticisms of Community Policing. The student examines how these obstacles are resolved and explores untried methods to gain community commitment. This course counts as an “applied,” professional — training course for the major. Students are encouraged to take CJ 100 prior to this course.

255 Prosecution of Violent Crimes (3 s.h.)
This course is to help the student understand the role of the prosecutor in our justice system, specifically as it relates to violent crimes. In particular, students will examine various aspects of prosecution, including interacting with victims and witnesses, engaging in plea negotiations, and preparation and performance.  Students will explore four major categories of violent crime: Robbery, Aggravated Assault, Homicide, and Sexual Assault.

260 Special Topics (3 s.h.)
This course deals with topics that are unique in criminal justice and may be tied to specific events that effect change in the criminal justice system. The topics are not part of the regular course curriculum.

265 Introduction to Homeland Security (3 s.h.)
This course introduces the changing dynamics of homeland security at both the national and state levels to the student. It explores the various dynamics of providing security in different settings. The history and future of terrorism are also examined in a global context.  Students are encourage to take CJ 100 and CJ 233 prior to this course

300 Theory of Criminology and Criminal Justice Systems (3 s.h.)
This course is one of four fulfilling the criminal justice senior requirement. Students become more familiar with some of the major theoretical traditions in the discipline. They write a scholarly paper on at least one social scientific theorist or theoretical tradition. The course also introduces students to criminal justice as an academic profession. This course is offered every spring semester for MBCW students and at least one semester per school year for Baldwin Online and Adult students. *Prerequisites: CJ 100, SOC 211, SOC 232, and SOC 233.

387 Senior Internship (3 s.h.)*
This course is one of four fulfilling the criminal justice senior requirement. The senior internship offers students a field experience in one of a wide range of Criminal Justice professions. Students keep a journal and work with their advisor in order to benefit as much as possible from this opportunity. Ideally, the internship provides data that can be analyzed and developed as part of the senior thesis. *Prerequisites: CJ 100, SOC 211, SOC 232, and SOC 233.

400/401 Senior Seminar/Thesis (3 s.h.) (M)
This course is one of four fulfilling the criminal justice senior requirement. Students in the senior seminar will conduct an in-depth investigation of a topic in criminal justice and write two scholarly analyses. Student in Senior Thesis will conduct research on a topic in criminal justice and write a thesis presenting their findings. In both cases, senior papers will demonstrate a significant command of criminal justice theory, academic literature and research methodology.   Ideally, both the seminar papers and thesis will analyze information acquired during the senior internship. *Prerequisites: INT 222, SOC 320, or POLS/ECON 301.
*Students may take up to 6 credit hours of internship toward their degree (CJ 38787). Internship credits above 3 s.h. will be taken in lieu of the elective requirement.

Note: Directed inquiries, teaching assistantships, and internships in criminal justice are arranged on an individual basis.